- Concept of Disabled:
- According to Article 1 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, the definition of disability includes: “persons who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others,”
- According to Article 3 of the Law No. 5378 governing the Rights of People with Disabilities in the Republic of Turkey, the definition includes “individuals affected by physical, social and attitudinal environment that limits their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others due to losses experienced in varying degrees in their physical, mental, psychological or sensory functioning.”
- Student with a Disability:
- Within the framework ofArticle 4 of the Regulation for the Counseling and Coordination of the Disabled in Higher Education Institutions, the definition of disabled student includes: “any student who has a physical, mental, psychological, emotional, or social impairment that restricts his/her social interactions and everyday activities due to losses experienced in varying degrees and caused by either hereditary or acquired reasons, and who therefore needs protection, care, rehabilitation, counseling and support”.
- Disability Status and Assessment:
- As defined in Article 4 of the Regulation on Assessment for Adults with Disabilities used jointly by the Ministry of Family, Labor and Social Services and the Ministry of Health, this term covers “grading, classification and diagnosis that are used to evaluate the disability of an individual based on internationally recognized techniques and methodologies”.
- An internationally recognized categorical coding scale is used to assess disability status. The Health Committee on People with Disabilities provides documentation of the individual’s disability that includes a medical report as specified in the Regulation.